Saturday, May 18, 2019
Machiavelli Vs Lao-Tzu
Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) was a political philosopher as well as astatesmen during the time of the Renaissance. He is most famous for writing his politicalviews in The Prince (1513), which has become an important come apart of modern politicalphilosophy. The Prince offers advice to the monarch in order to keep himself in billet.His recomm turn backations are polices that discourage jam political activism by channelingthe people around him to use their energies for private pursuits. Machiavelli wanted toinfluence the monarch by showing him that he can better keep his power byjudiciously using effect, cause and respecting his subjects private propertyand traditions, and by promoting materialistic prosperity.Machieavelli believed that a political smell is not governed by a set of moralsor a religious absolute. The monarch can be excused sometimes for using acts of violenceor deception for a means, which would not be ethical if he were a civilian. The Princewas written at the height of the Renaissance when intense political conflict between thedominant cities and states of Florence, Milan, Venice, the Papacy, France, Spain as wellas the Holy Empire. This incendiary conflict ended in massive political intrigue, violenceand blackmail to which Machievelli concluded with a plea for unity in Italy as well as anend to foreign involvement.The great differences between Niccolo Machieavelli and Chinese TaoistPhilosopher, Lao-Tzu, is their beliefs on how a government should be crop. Machieavellirefers to what a prince should have as he places a totalitarian government. He believedgovernments should be very structured and controlled as well as powerful. Lao- Tzbelief is that one person cannot have total control and they should let everything run itscourse. Machievelli argued in his book that, Discourses on the First Ten Books of TitusLivius that a republic would, be strengthened by their conflicts if they engage in openpolitical participations and debates.Machiea vellis, pragmatic view of morals and politics is a Prince shouldbe more practical than moral. A prince must learn to be cunning and deceitful to maintainhis power. He believed it is more important for a prince to be feared than loved by hispeople. This is in direct contrast to Lao-Tzus belief in living life with goodness andrespect to others. He did not write a guide to his views like Machieavelli, because hewanted his philosophy to be a natural way a human being should live. He believed apersons behavior in his or her life should be influenced by their instincts and conscience.Lao-Tzu believed that humans as well as the universe are governed byspiritual world outside forces. The key to ones truth and freedom is simplicity. Heencouraged followers to desire out and to understand the laws of nature, to build up poweramong themselves, as well as to utilize that power to lead their life with love withoutforce. The differences are even clear as how these philosophers are remembered.Mac hieavellis views of ethics and politics, lead people to misinterpret these views as todescribe anyone who deceptively manipulates people in an opportunistic way. I.E.Machieavellian.Lao-Tzu is say to have went off on water buffalo to the desert, saddenedby the evils of man. It is said that when he arrived at the render of the Great Wall of China,where he was persuaded by the gatekeeper to record his principals of philosophy. This recording became the ancient Chinese textual matter Eighty-one sayings of the Tao-Te-Ching.-Works Cited-http//books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=oty2JfReC3cC&oi=fnd&pg=PR14&sig=XiQAr4hiJRUoIy5ZSvNRW_4fhXg&dq=%22Grint%22+%22Leadership+Classical,+Contemporary,+and+Critical+Approaches%22+PPR11,M1 Leadership Classical, contemporary, and critical approaches By Keith Grint published 1997 Oxford UniversityPress.