Saturday, February 8, 2020
Thesis paper on the book The Confessions of Nat Turner - Essay Example This firm belief had condoned his conscience of cruel murders including the entire family of his kind owner, without any apparent reason. His group of followers too believed in his divine inspiration and respected it. They thought that their cruel actions were supported by God's will and mercy, a possible parallel with today's suicide bombers. But Negros of that day had enough provocation and grievances. Hence, the divine inspiration supposed to have received by Nat formed the basis of entire horrific incident and people involved did not worry much about being tortured or going to gallows as part of their divinely designed mission that was meant to happen for a glorious future, ordained by God himself. Nat's confession is full of 'Lord commanded me', in firm belief. It is also the basis of his Christian faith, for which Jesus suffered and died. He, being an already suffering Negro, placed himself in par with Christ, and his sufferings leading to self destruction were borne with satisfaction and fortitude. This justified not only his own cruelty of committing cold blooded killings, but also leading the rest of the gang into destruction. It gave him much needed solace and self righteousness. It enhanced his stature in his own eyes and that of his followers and fellow sufferers. He does not seem to be particularly guilty of his doings. Hence, the divine inspiration is not the mere motive. It also renders support and focus. It removes inhibitions and doubts from the uninformed minds of these unfortunate participants of mayhem. This divinity guided mission delivers them out of all wrong doings, and removes the fear and dread of consequences. So, gallows as the ultimate end does not particularly haunt or terrify them. They have become soldiers of the very own God's work. They were his instruments through whom he had decided to shape his own desires. They were not ordinary Negro slaves any more. Their leader was directly in contact with divinity and God directs the entire episode. This give s them certain superiority over the white men, because God had chosen them to be his army on earth, and not the all powerful white. Being subjected to the worst inhuman treatment through slavery, this belief must have come as a healer, camouflaging the reality. Naturally, these unfortunate men clung to it and the rest of them looked up at Nat with respect and trust, as God had inspired him, for them. This made the most horrendous happening ('came round to the door I saw Will pulling Mrs. Whitehead out of the house, and at the step he nearly severed her head from her body with his broadax,') sounds normal, as part of a design, a necessary sacrifice for a brighter tomorrow. Nat, throughout this hopeless occurrence, believed that God was guiding his destiny (Go through the midst of Jerusalem) and nothing, till his ignoble death, diminished his fervor of belief. Even killing the helpless did not worry or haunt his conscience in any way as God had bidden him to perform (Slay utterly old and young, both maids and little children.). His
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Cheating Is Wrong Essay Why is it cheating? It is cheating because: * When you are given an assignment to write a paper for a class, you are being asked to write the paper. If the professor wanted to know what someone else thinks about the topic, sheÃ¢â¬â¢d ask that other person, not you! * One purpose of assignments and exams in school is to honestly evaluate your knowledge and abilities. If you didnÃ¢â¬â¢t honestly demonstrate your knowledge and abilities, then the professor canÃ¢â¬â¢t honestly assess them. If the professor canÃ¢â¬â¢t honestly assess them, then the university or college is giving you an invalid credential. Once you have an invalid credential, you undermine the integrity of your alma matter (whose reputation upon which you depend for your livelihood) and you are falsely representing yourself, your knowledge and your abilities to prospective employers, graduate and professional schools. * You are lying when you turn in the paper with your name on it as if you were the only author. This makes you a liar, and a cheat. This is no different than if you had someone else take your driverÃ¢â¬â¢s test for you or did your job for you while you got paid. Why is cheating wrong? If you need to ask this, youÃ¢â¬â¢ve got bigger problems than I can solve. Cheating is wrong because it creates a distrustful community and world Ã¢â¬â once we canÃ¢â¬â¢t trust each other, your doctor, your accountant, your grocery store clerk, and so on, we will have to move into a complete police state. Constant monitoring. No privacy. No freedom. You are entrusted to do your assignments honestly and with integrity, this means always acknowledging the help you receive from others. With trust comes great responsibility. You are responsible for your own integrity. You are responsible for NOT being a cheater.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
The History of Anesthesia It is the last football game of the season and the running back suddenly breaks his leg. As John is rushed to the hospital, he thinks of how much pain he is in and how much pain he is going to be in for the next several hours. What John does not know is how much pain he would be in if the medic wouldn't have shot some type of anesthesia into his broken leg. John also doesn't realize that when his grandfather played football, there wasn't any anesthesia and the pain was excruciating. Anesthesiology is the process in which medical doctors or dentists use drugs to relieve pain in their patients. Anesthesiologists' job is to see that enough medication is given to the patient to make sure he does not feel the pain. These doctors are responsible for make certain that the patient keeps all vital functions. The anesthesiologists are responsible for giving their patients not only the anesthesia, but also any other prescriptions that they might be taking at the time. At the end of the surgery, anesthesiologists undo the procedure. The first pain medication explored was "sweet vitriol" or ether. Raymundus Lullius, a Spanish chemist, experimented with ether in 1275. Dr. Crawford Williams Long first used ether in medical procedures as an anesthesia on March 30, 1842. Dr. Long extracted a tumor from the neck of one of his patients. Dr. Morton found Dr. Crawford's experiments interesting and started performing his own experiments at his home in Massachusetts on small animals and himself. Controlling how the drug was given was up to Joseph M. Wightman and Nathan B. Chamberlain. They developed the vaporization process. The safe use of anesthesia came to use in 1846 when Dr. Morton used general anesthesia to put Edward Gilbert Abbott's body under a numbing stage to remove a growth on his neck. After a few more procedures, Morton began to advertise his discovery. He then patented his use of ether and called it Letheon. In the beginning, Morton refused to disclose the chemical makeup of his new discovery and this worried many of the doctors in the area. Before Morton was recognized he died from a stroke (Evans). Morton only knew of one type of anesthesia and that was to put the whole body under a state of numbness and also the case was in WWII. The History of Anesthesia :: Exploratory Essays Research Papers The History of Anesthesia It is the last football game of the season and the running back suddenly breaks his leg. As John is rushed to the hospital, he thinks of how much pain he is in and how much pain he is going to be in for the next several hours. What John does not know is how much pain he would be in if the medic wouldn't have shot some type of anesthesia into his broken leg. John also doesn't realize that when his grandfather played football, there wasn't any anesthesia and the pain was excruciating. Anesthesiology is the process in which medical doctors or dentists use drugs to relieve pain in their patients. Anesthesiologists' job is to see that enough medication is given to the patient to make sure he does not feel the pain. These doctors are responsible for make certain that the patient keeps all vital functions. The anesthesiologists are responsible for giving their patients not only the anesthesia, but also any other prescriptions that they might be taking at the time. At the end of the surgery, anesthesiologists undo the procedure. The first pain medication explored was "sweet vitriol" or ether. Raymundus Lullius, a Spanish chemist, experimented with ether in 1275. Dr. Crawford Williams Long first used ether in medical procedures as an anesthesia on March 30, 1842. Dr. Long extracted a tumor from the neck of one of his patients. Dr. Morton found Dr. Crawford's experiments interesting and started performing his own experiments at his home in Massachusetts on small animals and himself. Controlling how the drug was given was up to Joseph M. Wightman and Nathan B. Chamberlain. They developed the vaporization process. The safe use of anesthesia came to use in 1846 when Dr. Morton used general anesthesia to put Edward Gilbert Abbott's body under a numbing stage to remove a growth on his neck. After a few more procedures, Morton began to advertise his discovery. He then patented his use of ether and called it Letheon. In the beginning, Morton refused to disclose the chemical makeup of his new discovery and this worried many of the doctors in the area. Before Morton was recognized he died from a stroke (Evans). Morton only knew of one type of anesthesia and that was to put the whole body under a state of numbness and also the case was in WWII.
Monday, January 13, 2020
One of the main things that could be compared between factory workers and slaves is the different working conditions that the two had and how they all suffered. Even though the factory workers were inside a building they suffered a great deal. The early factory system did not share its benefits evenly with every one. The owners grew plump with all the profit that they made, while the workers wasted away. All the workers were forbidden by law to form any type of union that would raise wages. This type of activity was considered to be criminal conspiracy. In the factory the people who were the most vulnerable to exploitation were the children. In 1820 a large portion of the industrial workers were children under the age of ten. These children some times got brutally whipped in special whipping rooms that the factories had. They were also mentally blighted, emotionally starved, and physically stunned. In the year of 1791 in the mill of Samuel Slater the workers consisted of boys and girls all under the age of twelve. The condition of the slave was a little different then the conditions of the factory workers. Majority of the slaves in the south worked in the cotton fields, which in 1840 accounted for half the value of all America exports. The slaves planted and picked all the cotton that formed the foundation of the 19th century, and the southern economy. Now since the slaves were exposed to the elements all the time a large portion of them was wiped out because of sickness and disease. Slavery rooted from racism and economic exploitation. In my opinion to call a factory worker back then a wage slave is a correct term to use for them. They were slaves in a factory. A large number of those workers were children under the age of ten, and some times they got brutally wiped. The workers were not allowed to form a union so obviously they were under paid and over worked.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
No one can deny that a career as a doctor is prestigious. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s face it, being called, Ã¢â¬Å"Doctor,Ã¢â¬ is pretty cool. It indicates that you not only got into medical school, which is no small feat considering that nationally only about 40% of applicants get accepted to medical school each year.Ã Completing med school is an even bigger deal. However, prestige is not a good reason to apply to medical school. At least it shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be the only one.Ã Is medical school for you? Should you pursue a career as a doctor? Can You Manage the Academics and Med School Process? Can you tolerate years of education and training?Do you love science?Are you squeamish?Do you love studying, reading, and taking exams? Financial Considerations for Medical School Can you afford tuition? Living expenses? Expect loan debt of $200,000 or more, not including debt related to obtaining an undergraduate degree.Are you ready to spend years living on a very tight budget and little to no income?Are you prepared to deal with the potential for malpractice suits? Do you know how much malpractice insurance costs and who will be responsible for it when you are a practicing physician? Social Considerations Are you prepared to consistently keep long hours? As a doctor, you will find yourself working around the clock. Your relationships will be stretched as you wonÃ¢â¬â¢t have time to socialize.Are you ready to see your non-med student peers move up in their careers and become financially established while you plug away at your education?Are you aware that overworking and stress often lead medical students and doctors to experience difficulty in establishing and maintaining romantic relationships? Psychological Considerations Are you ready to spend prime years of your life, most of your 20s, in school? After residency and specialization, you may find yourself well in your 30s by the time youÃ¢â¬â¢re finished.Are you prepared to meet many life milestones later than your peers? Marriage, financial stability, home ownership, parenthood?As a woman, are you willing to put off childbearing into your 30s?Can you manage high levels of stress over a long period? Exam-related stress? Saving-live-related stress? Know what youre getting into. Medical school and residency arent like Greys Anatomy. You will work hard Ã¢â¬â lots of studying, long hours, and often it will not be fun. A career as a doctor can be exhausting, stressful, and yet amazingly rewarding. If you have a strong desire to learn medical science, as well as to help, as well as academic, social, and time-management and organizational skills, a career in medicine might be for you.
Saturday, December 28, 2019
The Battle of Charleroi was fought August 21-23, 1914, during the opening days of World War I (1914-1918) and was part of a series of engagements collectively known as the Battle of the Frontiers (August 7-September 13, 1914). With the start of World War I, the armies of Europe began mobilizing and moving towards the front. In Germany, the army commenced implementing a modified version of the Schlieffen Plan. The Schlieffen Plan Conceived by Count Alfred von Schlieffen in 1905, the plan was designed for a two-front war against France and Russia. Following their easy victory over the French in the 1870 Franco-Prussian War, Germany saw France as less of a threat than its larger neighbor to the east. As a result, Schlieffen sought to mass the bulk of Germanys military might against France with the goal of winning a quick victory before the Russians could fully mobilize their army. With France eliminated, Germany would be able to focus their attention to the east (Map). Predicting that France would attack across the border into Alsace and Lorraine, which had been ceded following the earlier conflict, the Germans intended to violate the neutrality of Luxembourg and Belgium to attack the French from the north in a large-scale battle of encirclement. German troops were to defend along the border while the right wing of the army swept through Belgium and past Paris in an effort to crush the French army.Ã French Plans In the years prior to the war, General Joseph Joffre, Chief of the French General Staff, moved to update his nations war plans for a conflict with Germany. Though he initially desired to create a plan that had French forces attack through Belgium, he was later unwilling to violate that nations neutrality. Instead, he and his staff designed Plan XVII which called for French troops to mass along the German border and mount attacks through the Ardennes and into Lorraine. Armies Commanders: French General Charles LanrezacFifth Army Germans General Karl vonÃ BÃ ¼lowÃ General Max von HausenSecond Third Armies Early Fighting With the beginning of the war, the Germans aligned the First through Seventh Armies, north to south, to execute the Schlieffen Plan. Entering Belgium on August 3, First and Second Armies drove back the small Belgian Army but were slowed by the need to reduce the fortress city of Liege.Ã Receiving reports of German activity in Belgium, General Charles Lanrezac, commanding the Fifth Army at the northern end of the French line, alerted Joffre that the enemy was advancing in unexpected strength.Ã Despite Lanrezacs warnings, Joffre moved forward with Plan XVII and an attack into Alsace.Ã This and a second effort in Alsace and Lorraine were both pushed back by the German defenders (Map).Ã Ã To the north, Joffre had planned to launch an offensive with the Third, Fourth, and Fifth Armies but these plans were overtaken by events in Belgium. On August 15, after lobbying from Lanrezac, he directed Fifth Army north into the angle formed by the Sambre and Meuse Rivers. Hoping to gain the initiative, Joffre ordered Third and Fourth Armies to attack through the Ardennes against Arlon and Neufchateau.Ã Advancing on August 21, they encountered the German Fourth and Fifth Armies and were badly defeated. As the situation along the front developed, Field Marshal Sir John Frenchs British Expeditionary Force (BEF) disembarked and began assembling at Le Cateau.Ã Communicating with the British commander, Joffre requested that French to cooperate with Lanrezac on the left. Along the Sambre Responding to Joffres order to move north, Lanrezac positioned his Fifth Army south of the Sambre extending from the Belgian fortress city of Namur in the east to just past the mid-size industrial town of Charleroi in the west. His I Corps, led by General Franchet dEsperey, extended the right south behind the Meuse. To his left, the cavalry corps of General Jean-FranÃ §ois AndrÃ © Sordet linked Fifth Army to Frenchs BEF.Ã On August 18, Lanrezac received additional instructions from Joffre directing him to attack north or east depending upon the enemys location. Seeking to locate General Karl vonÃ BÃ ¼lows Second Army, Lanrezacs cavalry moved north of the Sambre but were unable to penetrate the German cavalry screen.Ã Early on August 21, Joffre, increasingly aware of the size of German forces in Belgium, directed Lanrezac to attack when opportune and arranged for the BEF to provide support. On the Defensive Though he received this directive, Lanrezac adopted a defensive position behind the Sambre but failed to establish heavily-defended bridgeheads north the river. Additionally, due to poor intelligence regarding the bridges over the river, several were left completely undefended. Attacked later in the day by the lead elements of BÃ ¼lows army, the French were pushed back over the river. Though ultimately held, the Germans were able to establish positions on the south bank. BÃ ¼low assessed the situation and requested that General Freiherr von Hausens Third Army, operating to east, join in the attack on Lanrezac with the goal of executing a pincer. Hausen agreed to strike west the next day.Ã On the morning of August 22, Lanrezacs corps commanders, on their own initiative, launched attacks north in an effort to throw the Germans back over the Sambre. These proved unsuccessful as nine French divisions were unable to dislodge three German divisions. The failure of these attacks cost Lanrezac high ground in the area while a gap between his army and Fourth Army began to open on his right (Map).Ã Responding, BÃ ¼low renewed his drive south with three corps without waiting for Hausen to arrive. As the French resisted these assaults, Lanrezac withdrew dEspereys corps from the Meuse with the intent of using it to strike BÃ ¼lows left flank on August 23. Holding through the day, the French again came under attack the next morning. While the corps to the west of Charleroi was able to hold, those to the east in the French center, despite mounting an intense resistance, began to fall back.Ã As I Corps moved into position to strikeÃ BÃ ¼lows flank, the lead elements of Hausens army began crossing the Meuse.Ã A Desperate Situation Recognizing the dire threat this posted, dEsperey counter-marched his men towards their old positions.Ã Engaging Hausens troops, I Corps checked their advance but could not push them back across the river. As night fell, Lanrezacs position was increasingly desperate as a Belgian division from Namur had retreated into his lines while Sordets cavalry, which had reached a state of exhaustion, needed to be withdrawn. This opened a 10-mile gap between Lanrezacs left and the British. Further west, Frenchs BEF had fought theÃ Battle of Mons. A tenacious defensive action, the engagement around Mons had seen the British inflict heavy losses on the Germans before being forced to give ground. By late afternoon, French had ordered his men to begin falling back. This exposed Lanrezacs army to greater pressure on both flanks. Seeing little alternative, he began making plans to withdraw south.Ã These were quickly approved by Joffre. In the fighting around Charleroi, the Germans sustained around 11,000 casualties while the French incurred approximately 30,000. Aftermath: Following the defeats at Charleroi and Mons, French and British forces began a long, fighting retreat south towards Paris. Holding actions or failed counterattacks were conducted at Le Cateau (August 26-27) and St. Quentin (August 29-30), while Mauberge fell September 7 after a brief siege. Creating a line behind the Marne River, Joffre prepared to make a stand to save Paris. Stabilizing the situation, Joffre began the First Battle of the Marne on September 6 when a gap was found between the German First and Second Armies. Exploiting this, both formations were soon threatened with destruction.Ã In these circumstances, the German Chief of Staff, Helmuth von Moltke, suffered a nervous breakdown. His subordinates assumed command and ordered a general retreat to the Aisne River.
Thursday, December 19, 2019
In order to have a decent job it is believed that one must attend college and submerge with a degree. It is exactly why most people in the states pursue higher education, a key component to possess financial security. The task at hand has become a challenging achievement, now more than ever, as a result of skyrocketing tuition cost. It causes students to take out massive loans which, at times, cannot be returned and therefore creating billions in debt for the United States. The idea that student loans are putting this country in massive debt motivates our government to consider granting free tuition for public college. Therefore, leading to this discussion on why the federal government should allow free college tuition and the effects and consequences of doing so. Introducing the Issue According to Dan Lips, (an analyst at the Heritage foundation) tuition and fees of public colleges have had over a 125% increase since 1986. This is the direct result of government subsidies that try to make college Ã¢â¬Å"affordableÃ¢â¬ . Doing more harm than good, these subsidies have been giving power to colleges and universities so that they could raise tuition every year because these institutions have few reasons to keep cost low to attract students. Therefore, students must now take on hefty loans in order to pay for higher education. Now, close to two thirds of students graduate with student debt. Over 10% of graduates are found unemployed and even more are found under employed with massiveShow MoreRelatedBarack Obama s New College Compact, And How The Compact Will Alleviate The Cost Barriers2157 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesIntroduction College tuition has increased throughout the past decade, with little change on making the costs more affordable. With the recession state spending on higher education has decreased by 20 percent, and colleges have raised tuition, passing the costs onto students and their families. 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